09/21/2015 - 4:00pm

09/21/2015 - 5:00pm

Speaker:

Asuman Aksoy (Claremont McKenna College)

Abstract:

One of the most important theorems used in constructive theory of functions is called Berstein's "lethary" theorem [3]. The theorem states that if is a sequence of nonnegative numbers with then there exists a function such that dist for , where C[0,1] denotes the Banach space of all continuous, real-valued functions defined on the interval with supremum norm, and denotes the space of all polynomials of degree . In this talk, after examining the developments in this theory [1], we present a lethargic theorem for Fr ́echet spaces [2]. This is joint work with G. Lewicki.

References

[1] J. Almira and A. G. Aksoy On Shapiro’s Lethargy Theorem and Some Appli- cations, Jean. J. Approx. 6(1), 87 − 116, 2014.

[2] A. G. Aksoy and G. Lewicki Bernstein’s Lethargy Theorem in Fr ́echet spaces, arXiv:1503.06190.

[3] S. N. Bernstein, Collected Works, II Moskow,: Akad Nauk SSR. 1954.

Where:

Emmy Noether Room, Millikan 1021, Pomona College

06/25/2015 - 1:00pm

06/25/2015 - 4:00pm

Speaker:

Professor Roman Taranets (UCLA)

Abstract:

Lecture Series for Graduate Students on Applied PDE Analysis

Lecture 1: Applications of Stampacchia's Lemma in qualitative analysis of solutions for elliptic PDEs.

Lecture 2. Finite speed support propagation of solutions for nonlinear parabolic equations.

Lecture 3. Waiting time phenomenon of interface for nonlinear parabolic equations.

Where:

CGU Math. North

06/24/2015 - 1:00pm

06/24/2015 - 4:00pm

Speaker:

Professor Roman Taranets (UCLA)

Abstract:

Lecture Series for Graduate Students on Applied PDE Analysis

Lecture 1: Applications of Stampacchia's Lemma in qualitative analysis of solutions for elliptic PDEs.

Lecture 2. Finite speed support propagation of solutions for nonlinear parabolic equations.

Lecture 3. Waiting time phenomenon of interface for nonlinear parabolic equations.

Where:

CGU Math. North

04/24/2015 - 3:00pm

04/24/2015 - 4:00pm

Speaker:

Patrick Guidotti (UC Irvine)

Abstract:

In this talk the speaker will give an overview on the use of nonlinear diffusions as image processing tools by starting with the seminal Perona-Malik equation. Particular emphasis will be given to regularizations proposed by the speaker which exhibit enhanced practical effectiveness and allow for rigorous mathematical justification of the numerical behavior of their solution.

Where:

CGU Math South (710 N. College Ave)

04/30/2015 - 2:30pm

04/30/2015 - 3:30pm

Speaker:

Palina Salanevich

Abstract:

In many areas of imaging science, such as diffraction imaging, astronomical imaging, microscopy, etc., optical detectors can often only record the squared modulus of the Fraunhofer or Fresnel diff raction pattern of the radiation that is scattered from an object. In such setting, it is not possible to measure the phase of the optical wave reaching the detector. So, it is needed to reconstruct a signal from intensity measurements only. This problem is called phase retrieval.

We are going to consider the case when the measurement frame is a Gabor frame, that is, the case of time-frequency structured measurements. The main motivation is that in this case, the frame coefficients are of the form of masked Fourier coefficients, where the masks are time shifts of the Gabor window. This makes measurements meaningful for applications, but at the same time preserves the flexibility of the frame-theoretic approach. The most efficient existing algorithms, such as PhaseLift, work with randomly generated Gaussian frames. I am going to present the recovery algorithm with a sufficiently small number of measurements required, which is working with time-frequency structured measurements. The algorithm is based on the idea of polarization, first proposed by Alexeev, Bandeira, Fickus and Mixon.

Where:

Roberts North (RN) 103

03/20/2015 - 3:00pm

03/20/2015 - 4:00pm

Speaker:

Dmitry Pelinovsky (McMaster University)

Abstract:

We consider the one-dimensional Maxwell equations with low contrast periodic linear refractive index and weak Kerr nonlinearity. Wave packet initial conditions with a single carrier frequency excite infinitely many resonances. On large but finite time-scales, the coupled evolution of backward and forward waves is governed by nonlocal equations of resonant nonlinear geometrical optics. For the special class of solutions which are periodic in the fast phase, these equations are equivalent to an infinite system of nonlinear coupled mode equations. Numerical studies support the existence of long-lived spatially localized coherent structures, consisting of a slowly varying envelope of a train of carrier shocks. This presentation is based on the joint work with G. Simpson and M. Weinstein.

Where:

CGU Math South (710 N. College Ave)

05/04/2015 - 12:00pm

05/04/2015 - 1:00pm

Speaker:

Braxton Osting (University of Utah)

Abstract:

Several geometric methods for graph partitioning have been introduced in the past few years, with wide applications in clustering, community detection, and image analysis. These methods, which I'll review, are built on graph-based analogues of total variation, motion by mean curvature, the Ginzburg-Landau functional, and the Merriman-Bence-Osher threshold dynamics. In this talk, I'll discuss a new graph partitioning method where the optimality criterion is given by the sum of the Dirichlet eigenvalues of the partition components. The resulting eigenvalue optimization problem can be solved by a rearrangement algorithm, which we show to converge in a finite number of iterations to a local minimum of a relaxed objective function. The method compares well to state-of-the-art approaches when applied to clustering problems on graphs constructed from synthetic data, MNIST handwritten digits, and manifold discretizations. The model has a semi-supervised extension and provides natural representatives for the clusters as well.

Where:

Kravis 100

02/17/2015 - 10:00am

02/17/2015 - 11:00am

Speaker:

Laura Balzano (U of Michigan)

Abstract:

Low-dimensional linear subspace approximations to high-dimensional data find application in a great variety of applications where missing data are the norm, not only because of errors and failures in data collection, but because it may be impossible to collect and process all the desired measurements.

In this talk, I will describe recent results on estimating subspace projections from incomplete data. I will discuss the convergence guarantees and performance of the algorithm GROUSE (Grassmannian Rank-One Update Subspace Estimation), a subspace tracking algorithm that performs gradient descent on the Grassmannian. I will also discuss the relationship of GROUSE with an incremental SVD algorithm, and show results of GROUSE applied to problems in computer vision.

Where:

RN 104

Misc. Information:

03/30/2015 - 4:15pm

03/30/2015 - 5:15pm

Speaker:

Puck Rombach (UCLA)

Abstract:

This talk will be very accessible (including to grad students) and will involve juggling. The positroid stratification, studied by many authors, is a coarsening of the matroid stratification of the Grassmannian. Each graph (with orientation and edge-ordering) gives a point in the Grassmannian; for a matroid stratum to contain such a point is a well-known forbidden minor condition on the matroid. We show that, by contrast, every positroid stratum contains a graphical representative; indeed, one can choose the graph to be planar. This is despite the fact that the matroid stratum dense in the positroid stratum does not typically contain such a representative (“positroids are not graphic matroids”). Joint work with Allen Knutson.

Where:

Kravis 102

05/11/2015 - 12:00pm

05/11/2015 - 1:00pm

Speaker:

KonstantinEv. Starkov (Instituto Politecnico Nacional CITEDI, Mexico)

Abstract:

The localization method of compact invariant sets based on a solution of the conditional extremum problem is applied to analysis of global dynamics for some bladder tumor growth models. The main attention is attracted to finding ultimate upper and lower bounds of cells populations, analysis of the dissipativity in the Levinson sense property and derivation of global stability conditions of the tumor-free equilibrium point. Briefly applications of this method to the analysis of some other classes of nonlinear systems including Hamiltonian are discussed.

Where:

Kravis 100